Memory is the brain ability to receive, process (understand) and store certain amount of information that can be reproduced and used in the future. Initially memory is a subject of study in psychology, but the physiological characteristics of its functions are also a subject of neurology.
The process characteristics – memory, this is the storage and update of the individual’s experience (keeping the cognitive performance of people). The memory keeps images and thoughts and accumulated items and together with it the emotional results – those are the experiences that a person has realized. Their maintenance has a role in the human functioning regulation.
The results from willpower efforts during the time of finding solution of certain tasks, the strength of these efforts and their duration – all these are reported to the memory. On the basis of this a person can predict. Memory is a repository of universal human experience. It aims to keep it intact as much as possible and also to protect not only life but also hereditary experience. Without updating of this experience the individual is fated to death after birth. Memory is the act of preserving of what has been acquired for later use. In other words, it is the retention of the information beyond the current moment. The term memory refers also to the psychic storage system that allows such retention, regardless of whether talking about a few moments or many years.
Of course, the result from learning and memory is an observable human behavior – say the rapid fining of the bicycle or car after leaving the classes or giving intelligent advice to a friend how to improve her memory. Imagine that next week you will have an exam on the content of this article. Your exam assessment will be a measure about the degree of the level to which you have “learned” the material.
The assessment, however, reflects the learning only partly because it depends on the result from three distinct processes. First, the new information should really be taught or acquired, but (2) must then be stored until the test (hopefully it will be stored for a longer time) and finally (3) the information must be retrieved from memory to answer the examination questions.
All three processes are necessary for the proper performance during the test and any of these can cause you difficulties. For example, it is possible to study superficially and not store information in fact. You’ll forget the information before the exam. Or – and this is the nightmare of all learners – they can know the information, but not to be able to retrieve it before you hand over your test to the teacher!